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The Ultimate Guide to Understanding and Treating Plantar Fasciitis

Jul 21, 2023 | Foot Conditions, Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that affects the bottom of the foot. It is caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia, which is a thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes. This condition is often characterized by pain in the heel and possibly also the arch of the foot.

There are several treatment modalities for plantar fasciitis, including modification of activities, ice, stretching exercises, physical therapy, the use of orthotic devices, injection therapy and deep plantar fascia massage. In about 5% of cases, surgery may be required to alleviate symptoms and improve mobility.

Rest is an important component of any treatment plan for plantar fasciitis. This allows the damaged tissue to heal and can help to reduce inflammation. Icing the affected area can also help to reduce swelling and pain.

Stretching exercises are often recommended to help loosen tight muscles and improve flexibility. One common exercise is stretching the calf muscle. Physical therapy may also be recommended to help stretch and strengthen the muscles in the foot and ankle.

Orthotic devices, such as shoe inserts or heel cups, can also be helpful in alleviating plantar fasciitis symptoms. These devices provide additional support and cushioning for the feet, which can help to reduce pressure on the plantar fascia.

In some cases, surgery may be necessary if other treatments have not been successful. One surgical option is to release the plantar fascia from the heel bone, which can alleviate pain and improve mobility. This can be done with minimally invasive technique, and without making large incisions. This allows for a simpler, shorter and less painful post-operative recovery. 


Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that can cause significant discomfort and limit mobility. However, with proper treatment and self-care, it is possible to alleviate symptoms and prevent future flare-ups. If you are experiencing pain or discomfort in the bottom of your foot, don’t hesitate to seek medical attention.

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About Dr. Salvatore Meleca, DPM

Salvatore Meleca, DPM is a highly respected foot and ankle surgeon with extensive training and experience in podiatric medicine. He completed his residency at Mount Sinai Medical Center in Miami Beach, Florida, where he was mentored by Dr. Ettore Vulcano, a world-renowned orthopedic foot and ankle surgeon. Under the directorship of Dr. Jacob Silverstone, Dr. Meleca completed a 3 year surgical residency, performing and participating in various specialty surgeries such as orthopedics, plastics, vascular and more. His greatest qualities that are brought to his foot and ankle care are his sophisticated approach to conservative treatments, his careful surgical procedural selection, and his capabilities in performing minimally invasive technique surgeries.

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