Corns on the foot are small, localized areas of thickened skin that typically develop on the toes or soles of the feet, however in certain circumstances they can also be caused by bunion or bunionette deformities. They are usually caused by repeated friction or pressure on the skin, often due to ill-fitting shoes and/or abnormal foot mechanics.
Hyperkeratotic lesions, including corns, are characterized by an accumulation of dead skin cells, forming a hard, thickened area. Besides friction and pressure, other factors like walking or standing for long periods, foot deformities, and certain medical conditions can contribute to their formation.
Treatment for corns aims to relieve symptoms and reduce the thickened skin. Some options include:
1. Wearing well-fitting shoes with adequate cushioning and support.
2. Using protective pads or inserts (custom or over-the-counter orthotics) to reduce friction.
3. Soaking the feet in warm water to soften the corn, followed by gentle filing with a pumice stone.
4. Applying moisturizing creams or ointments to keep the skin soft.
5. Avoiding over-the-counter corn plasters or medicated pads, as they can cause skin irritation.
6. Seeking professional help from a foot and ankle specialist for more severe or persistent cases. They may recommend orthotics or perform procedures to remove the corns.
It’s important to note that self-treatment may not be appropriate for everyone, especially individuals with diabetes or circulatory problems. If you’re unsure or if the corns are causing significant discomfort, it’s best to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and guidance.