Hallux rigidus is a condition that affects the big toe joint, causing stiffness, pain, and limited range of motion. Diagnosis is usually made through a physical exam and imaging tests such as X-rays.
Conservative treatment options for hallux rigidus include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications and orthotics with an extension to limit the range of motion of the big toe joint. In some cases, corticosteroid injections may also be used to reduce inflammation and pain. However, this is not ideal as the steroid will eventually cause further damage to the cartilage of the joint and delay surgery for 3 months. Injections for hallux rigidus are an absolute last resort in my opinion.
Surgical treatment options for hallux rigidus include cheilectomy, in which the bone spur or excess bone is removed, and arthrodesis, in which the joint is fused together to create a stable, pain-free toe.
It is important to consult with a medical professional to determine the best course of treatment for your individual case of hallux rigidus. With proper care and treatment, people with hallux rigidus can manage their symptoms and continue to lead a fulfilling, active lifestyle.