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Understanding Peroneal Tendon Disorders: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Jul 21, 2023 | Ankle Conditions, Peroneal Tendon Disorders

Peroneal tendon disorders involve issues with the peroneal tendons, which are located on the outside of the lower leg and assist with foot and ankle movement. These disorders can be caused by various factors, including:

1. Overuse or repetitive activities that strain the tendons.

2. Trauma or injury to the ankle, such as ankle sprains.

3. Anatomical factors, such as a high arch or a variation in tendon placement.

4. Tendon degeneration due to aging or chronic conditions like tendinitis.

Common peroneal tendon disorders include peroneal tendinitis (inflammation of the tendons), peroneal tendon tears, and subluxation (tendon slipping out of place). Symptoms may include pain, swelling, instability, and difficulty walking.

Treatment options for peroneal tendon disorders depend on the severity of the condition. Initially, conservative measures may be recommended, such as:

1. Resting and avoiding activities that aggravate the tendons.

2. Applying ice to reduce swelling.

3. Using non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to manage pain and inflammation.

4. Physical therapy exercises to strengthen the tendons and improve stability.

5. Wearing supportive footwear or orthotic devices.

6. Immobilization through a cast or walking boot for severe cases.

If conservative treatments fail to provide relief, or in cases of severe tears or instability, surgical intervention may be necessary. Surgery aims to repair or reconstruct the damaged tendons, restore stability, and alleviate pain.

It’s essential to consult with a healthcare professional, such as a foot and ankle specialist/podiatrist, for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan for peroneal tendon disorders.

Additional resources

Peroneal Tendon Disorders

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About Dr. Salvatore Meleca, DPM

Salvatore Meleca, DPM is a highly respected foot and ankle surgeon with extensive training and experience in podiatric medicine. He completed his residency at Mount Sinai Medical Center in Miami Beach, Florida, where he was mentored by Dr. Ettore Vulcano, a world-renowned orthopedic foot and ankle surgeon. Under the directorship of Dr. Jacob Silverstone, Dr. Meleca completed a 3 year surgical residency, performing and participating in various specialty surgeries such as orthopedics, plastics, vascular and more. His greatest qualities that are brought to his foot and ankle care are his sophisticated approach to conservative treatments, his careful surgical procedural selection, and his capabilities in performing minimally invasive technique surgeries.

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